Canine Rabies - Types, Symptoms and Treatments

Canine Rabies - Types, Symptoms and Treatments

Canine rabies is the best known of zoonoses (infections and diseases transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans), and remains a problem to be controlled almost everywhere in the world. Transmitted by contact with the saliva of a sick dog - mainly through the bite - the disease can take up to ten days to manifest itself in the infected animal and, in almost 100% of the cases, it is fatal. Although practically eradicated in most metropolises, it still deserves warning.

Among the main symptoms of canine rage there are symptoms of aggression in the animal, excessive salivation, paralysis and changes in behavior, which can make your pet stop being cheerful and partying to become depressed and withdrawn. Considered incurable, rabies has vaccination as its only efficient form of prevention in animals and, reaching the nervous system, can manifest itself in three different ways: furious rabies, silent rabies and intestinal rabies.

Furious Rage

In the case of furious rabies, considered the most common, the animal shows strange behavior and tries to stay in dark places, hides behind furniture, does not respond to the owner's calls and is extremely agitated during the first phase of the disease, which lasts up to three days. After this period, the dog starts to refuse food, seeks water but is unable to drink it, saliva a lot and becomes aggressive. From the fourth day of the disease, the animal enters a paralytic state, and arrives at death in about 48 hours.

Angry Mute

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When the rabies changes, the initial symptoms of furious rabies are also manifested, however, the dog is melancholy and sleepy, without showing agitation. The signs of paralysis, especially in the jaw, already begin to appear in the second phase of the disease and, from that point on, the animal has its symptoms aggravated until death.

Intestinal Rage

In the case of intestinal rabies (the rarest canine rabies), the dog does not show signs of aggression or paralysis, having, as symptoms, frequent vomiting and cramps for a period of two to three days, until it dies.

It is important to remember that not all dog bite necessarily transmits canine rabies. Therefore, in the event of such an incident, the animal in question must be observed for a specified period so that it can be known whether or not it shows signs of the disease. However, the injured individual must be taken immediately to the local zoonoses entity, the faster the treatment in case of rabies, the more chances of an effective immunization.

It is essential to remember, once again, that the vaccine is the only way to prevent canine rabies and, therefore, those responsible for pets should visit a responsible veterinarian so that the application can be done properly. In the event that an already vaccinated animal is attacked by a sick dog, the pet must be revaccinated and observed for about 90 days, to ensure that it has not been infected.

Video: Rabies patient barking as a dog