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What do hamsters eat? Feeding the cute little animals

What do hamsters eat? Feeding the cute little animals


The right hamster diet consists of both vegetable and animal feed. Unlike rabbits or guinea pigs, for example, rodents are not vegans, but need animal proteins. Hamsters mainly eat dry food, which should be supplemented with fresh food and animal protein sources. Om-nom-nom: This hamster tastes its food - Shutterstock / stock_shot

In the wild, hamsters eat grains, seeds, herbs, vegetables and fruits, but also insects. They spend a lot of time looking for their food and also collect winter supplies. For hamsters that are kept as pets, the diet should be similar, only that the rodents can be fed appropriately all year round and do not have to stock up as much.

Healthy dry food for hamster nutrition

The main component of the hamster diet is the dry food, whereby you should pay attention to a healthy mixture. Experienced hamster owners can mix the feed themselves, beginners are better off using high-quality, species-appropriate ready-mixes from the trade. Otherwise, the hamsters will not get enough vital nutrients and possibly too much fat or too much sugar if the composition is not correct.

Feed mixtures that contain many so-called pellets and popped up grains are usually inferior. The pellets usually only contain some plant waste and often dyes and other useless additives that make the buyer believe that he is doing something good for his pet. Popped up provides volume, but saves on important nutrients and is therefore also unsuitable for small rodents.

Good dry food that your hamster can eat is best composed as follows:

  • ● High proportion of various types of cereals (oats, millet, barley, rye, kamut), but little wheat
  • ● Dried vegetables
  • ● dry herbs
  • ● Small seeds, such as grass seeds, peeled buckwheat, amaranth, wild flower seeds or canary feed
  • ● Dried insects, such as crickets or crickets
  • ● Few oil seeds, e.g. B. sesame, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, rapeseed, linseed, hemp, poppy seeds or soybean seeds
  • ● Few nuts

So that your hamster does not get bored, you can distribute the dry food in the cage or hide it here and there. So he has to find it himself like in the great outdoors. Fresh hay is also a welcome addition to the hamster menu - the chubby cheeks do not always eat up the hay, but they like to use it as nesting material.

Funny hamster party: fluffy, small and cute

What else do hamsters like to eat? Fresh feed and protein sources

In addition to dry food, hamsters should regularly get fresh food in the form of vegetables, herbs and fresh meadow green. Fruit is also allowed in small quantities, but due to the high sugar content, apples, seedless grapes or pears should only be used as an occasional treat. Otherwise, hamsters usually like to eat the following types of fresh food:

  • ● carrots
  • ● broccoli
  • ● peppers
  • ● pumpkin
  • ● celery
  • ● cucumbers
  • ● fennel
  • ● Kitchen herbs such as dill, parsley, lemon balm
  • ● Wild herbs such as dandelion, mugwort, field mint, chamomile, coal thistle
  • ● Flowers such as daisies, sunflowers, marigolds
  • ● grasses

Check daily whether your hamster has stashed some of the fresh food, because it spoils quickly and can then lead to illnesses. The following feed ingredients can be considered as fresh sources of animal proteins:

  • ● Mealworms (economical, because they are very fatty)
  • ● Crayfish and shrimp
  • ● Lean curd
  • ● Lean yogurt
  • ● cottage cheese (unsalted)
  • ● Hard-boiled eggs (small pieces)
  • ● Cat treats without taurine
  • ● Dog biscuits

Snacks and treats: What can hamsters eat?

Beware of snacks and treats from the trade such as yogurt drops, snack bars or hamster biscuits. There are hardly any valuable nutrients in it - far too much sugar and / or too much fat for that. A little candy now and then may not hurt right away, but the supposed treats regularly cause excess weight in addition to the normal diet. In addition, sugar, molasses, honey and the like can ensure that the hamster's cheek pockets stick together. Only the rodents' front teeth grow back, not the molars - and they can get tooth decay from sweets.

Your chubby cheek is also happy to receive a small piece of dried fruit per week, such as a raisin or a piece of dry apple, rosehip or pear. It contains at least a few natural vitamins, so they contribute to a healthy diet. Fruit pieces are the better choice if you want to do something good for your hamster every now and then.